HIV or AIDS During Pregnancy : HIV Symptoms in Pregnant Women - HealthProKit

HIV or AIDS During Pregnancy : HIV Symptoms in Pregnant Women



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The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is contamination that may be transmitted from you on your child during gestation or delivery, or in a while through your breast milk. Left untreated, HIV can cause a deadly disease known as acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).

Here's what you want to know to keep your child secure when you have HIV/AIDS and are looking to conceive or are already pregnant, plus facts about pregnancy-secure treatment options.

How common is HIV in pregnancy?

In 2014, approximately 256,000 ladies in America have been predicted to be HIV positive, and about 1 in 8 of them did not realize they have been infected. According to Centers for Disease Control.

As of 2006, approximately 8,500 HIV-positive ladies have been giving delivery each year. The exact news: Perinatal HIV diagnoses (i.e., the mom-to-toddler transmission of HIV) fell through 32% from 2011 to 2015. and

If you're pregnant and know you're HIV positive, search for a doctor who has experience treating HIV-positive patients (or, alternately, you might pick to be co-managed through an obstetrician and an infectious disease doctor during your pregnancy).

Who is most at risk of HIV?

The most common way for ladies to contract HIV is through having unprotected sex with infected partners or through sharing drug needles with an infected person.

A great way to keep away from infection is to use condoms during sex. If you need to become pregnant, you and your partner need to both be tested. (You might be asked if you want to be tested as a part of the routine blood work executed early for your pregnancy, but your partner will not.)

What are the signs and symptoms of HIV?

Depending on the stage of the contamination, signs, and symptoms can include:

  • Generalized malaise
  • Prolonged swelling of the lymph nodes
  • Pain
  •  Unexplained weight loss
  • Loss of appetite
  • Numbness, or tingling all over
  • Skin sores
  • Abnormal Pap tests


What to realize about HIV/AIDS in case you're pregnant?

Although AIDS is still a more deadly disease, there are many drug regimens that can keep the virus in test/check. And luckily, treatment throughout pregnancy can dramatically reduce the chance of the mom passing the infection directly to her baby. And delivering through elective C-section lowers that risk even more.

During labor, your practitioner will screen your viral load. Depending on how low the viral load is, you will be able to have a vaginal delivery, however greater viral loads may also require a C-section.

If you're already HIV positive or have AIDS, speak to your health practitioner about your medication options. Some may be quite risky on your growing child, while others seem to be much less damaging.

Still others, like zidovudine (AZT), seem to seriously lower transmission of the virus from you to your child. You need to take this throughout your pregnancy and might be given it via IV during delivery.

In addition, your child might be put on the drug for 6 weeks after delivery, to give her or him the best chance of avoiding infection. You need to also keep away from breastfeeding, since HIV may be transmitted via breast milk.


Should ladies with HIV take HIV medicines during pregnancy?

Yes. All pregnant women with HIV ought to take HIV medicines during pregnancy for his or her own health and to prevent mother-to-infant transmission of HIV(HIV medicines are called as antiretrovirals.). Mother-infant, transmission of HIV is likewise referred to as perinatal transmission of HIV.

HIV medicines prevent HIV from multiplying, which reduces the quantity of HIV in the body (known as the viral load). An undetectable viral load is while the level of HIV inside the blood is too low to be detected by a viral load test. The chance of mother-to-infant transmission of HIV throughout pregnancy and childbirth is lowest while a woman with HIV has an undetectable viral load. Maintaining an undetectable viral load also allows keeping the mother-to-be healthy.

Are HIV medicines safe & secure to use during pregnancy?

Most HIV medicines are secure to use throughout pregnancy. In general, HIV drugs don’t increase the chance of birth defects.

When recommending HIV medicines to apply during pregnancy, health care providers do not forget the benefits and risks of particular HIV medicines for ladies and their unborn babies.

When should pregnant ladies with HIV start taking HIV medicines?

All pregnant ladies with HIV need to start taking HIV medicines as quickly as possible during pregnancy. In most cases, ladies who're already on an effective HIV regimen after they become pregnant should maintain the use of the same regimen throughout their pregnancies. 

Do women with HIV continue to take HIV drug treatments during childbirth?

Yes. An infant is exposed to any HIV in the mom's blood and other fluids while passing via the birth canal. During childbirth, HIV drug treatments that pass from mom to child across the placenta prevent mom-to-infant transmission of HIV, in particular, near delivery.

Women who're already taking HIV medicines after they go into labor must continue taking their HIV drug treatments on schedule as a lot as possible during childbirth. 

Ladies who are not taking HIV drugs or have a high viral load (more than 1000 copies/ml) or an unknown viral load near the time of delivery must receive an HIV medication known as zidovudine (brand name: Retrovir) by intravenous (IV) infusion.

Zidovudine passes easily from a pregnant female to her unborn child across the placenta. Once in a child's system, zidovudine protects the child from any HIV that passes from mom to child all through childbirth. For this reason, the use of zidovudine during childbirth can prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV, even in women with a high viral load during childbirth.

Can a cesarean delivery reduce the chance of mother-to-child transmission of HIV?

Yes. A scheduled cesarean delivery (sometimes known as a C-section) can reduce the chance of mom-to-infant transmission of HIV in ladies who have a high viral load (greater than 1,000 copies/mL) or an unknown viral load close to the time of delivery. A caesarean section is planned to be performed at the 38th week of pregnancy and 2 weeks before delivery to reduce the possibility of mother-to-child transmission of HIV.

A scheduled C-section to reduce the chance of mom-to-infant transmission of HIV isn't routinely encouraged for ladies who're taking HIV medicines and have a viral load of 1,000 copies/mL or less. Of course, irrespective of her viral load, a lady with HIV may also have a C-section for different medical reasons.

With the assist of their health care providers, ladies can determine which HIV medicines to apply during childbirth and whether they must have a scheduled C-section to prevent mom-to-infant transmission of HIV.

Do Women with HIV keep taking HIV medicines after childbirth?

Prenatal take care of ladies with HIV consists of counseling at the advantages of continuing HIV medicines after childbirth. HIV medicines assist people with HIV to stay longer, more healthy lives and decrease the risk of HIV transmission. Together with their health care providers, ladies with HIV make selections about continuing or changing their HIV drug treatments after childbirth.

After delivery, babies born to ladies with HIV obtain HIV medicine to reduce the chance of mom-to-infant transmission of HIV. Several elements determine what HIV medication they obtain and how long they obtain the medicine.

Disclaimer: Before Taking Any Medications, Please Visit to Your Doctor.